Thursday, November 20, 2014

Ferdinand Marsischky -- The Wagon Maker From Pomerania (Pommern) --- 52 Ancestors Challenge

Note: The 52 Ancestors Challenge is the creation of Amy Johnson Crow at www.nostorytoosmall.com.  She's bringing together family history writers to share ancestral stories each week in 2014.   There’s a weekly update on Amy's blog where participants leave comments linking to their stories.  Although I've not been able to keep to the once-per-week goal, I've noticed how this challenge is motivating and lots of fun to read the variation of stories of others.  Thanks again, Amy.
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     What's Pomerania?
     I've been exploring in Pomerania (German: Pommern) lately so that I could understand the region where my third great grandfather, Ferdinand Marsischky, lived.  What I have learned so far is that Pomerania history is complex!   As is the case with most of Europe, the governing powers, names and boundaries changed often as wars determined
new states.  In Ferdinand Marsischky's lifetime (approx. 1830-1900) and the timeframe that his children lived in the country, Pomerania was a province in the northeastern area of the Kingdom of Prussia (Germany).  The Baltic Sea creates its northern border. As I was saying, the history involves numerous invasions and changes in power. There are links at the bottom of this post where you can read more historic details.  For now, skip forward to a major upheaval that resulted in today's status: In 1945, long after the Marsischky sons emigrated to America and Ferdinand had died, the territory became part of Poland.
     Who were our Marsischkys?
     After looking at the history of Pomerania, I've decided that the Marsischky family could be Prussian/German, Polish, or Slavic.  In fact, there could be more ethnic possibilities since this region was under many rulers, even Sweden for a time. The surname Marsischky might be presumed to be Polish due to the spelling.  But, from the few pieces of information I have on the family, it appears that they were more likely German. The family was/is Lutheran, which also coincides with the history of many areas of northern Europe/Prussia after the Protestant Reformation and the Germanic influence.
    How and where did Ferdinand Live?  
Dumrose, Stolp, Pomerania
     On the map I am posting of Europe in 1866, you can see from my red arrow the vicinity of the Marsischky home - in the eastern-most region of Pomerania (called Hinter Pommern, Farther Pomerania).  In the 1850s, Ferdinand Marsischky lived in the Kreis (district/county) Stolp.  From Ferdinand's son's marriage records I know that he was born in Dumrose, a rural village in Stolp.  (Of course, due to more wars there are border changes in 1866-1871 that change this map somewhat. But Pomerania remains a part of Prussia/Germany.  After World War II, if there were any living descendants of Ferdinand in this same area, they most likely migrated to other parts of Europe when the Russian Army forced most inhabitants out and the Poles took over. The name of the towns and districts were changed when it became Poland; Dumrose is now Domaradz, and Stolp is Slupsk.)
      The economy in Kreis Stolp was supported by fishing and agriculture in the 19th century. In addition to wheat and other crops, the farmers had cows, sheep, pigs, geese, chickens and hives for bees.  The Kreis was sparsely populated, and had small villages through the countryside.  Ferdinand Marsischky supported his family as a wagon maker, providing an essential service to his fellow Pomeranians.  The forests of Pomerania would have provided a good supply of timber for his trade.  His wagons were necessary for transporting products for sale, both in the surrounding villages and a short distance north to the Baltic Sea for sale or shipping to other ports.  If you were driving one of Ferdinand's wagons in Stolp you would pass through rolling hills with forests and farms.  And as you reached the small town of Dumrose the countryside became moreMarket Wagon, ca. 1900, from The Carriage Museum in New York - http://www.aaqeastend.com/contents/portfolio/long-island-museum-carriage-collection-finest-collection-of-horse-drawn-vehicles/ flat.  That's when you might pass by the estate or manor house of the local nobility. I would guess that family purchased the upscale model of Ferdinand's wagons! 
     Here's a nice description of the area from http://www.genemaas.net/Pommern.htm:  "In the rural countryside, everyone lived in small villages often centered around the landed estates (Guts). The Guts generally consisted of a large manor house, several huge barns and stables and often a flour mill or distillery.  A majority of the villages had one church, the Evangelical Church, with an adjoining cemetery.  Most had less than a few hundred inhabitants living in a few dozen houses or households.  In some villages, homes simply lined both sides of the road (a plan followed by the Wends); in others, homes were clustered around a central commons with the manor house at one end and the church at the other (Germanic plan).  These communal villages not only provided protection for the residents but facilitated easy access to the fields that radiated outward from the village."
      I don't yet know Ferdinand's exact life span, but an estimate would be approximately 1830 to 1900.   We know he was living in Stolp County in the mid 19th century, when he would have seen Pomerania get its first overland railways, including narrow gauge railways to transport crops.  The railroad and other eventual means of transportation, of course, impacted Ferdinand's wagon-making business.  He could foresee his trade disappearing.   And probably these cultural changes were an influence on how the Marsischky family looked for the next generation's livelihoods. These developments and others involving politics, economic hardships and wars must have weighed on Ferdinand's mind as a father.  Can we think of the conversations with his children about joining the huge number of fellow citizens leaving their homeland for opportunities in America?  Presuming that Ferdinand and his wife, Charlotte, were still alive in 1881, we can only imagine the family conversation as their son, Wilhelm, sat with them to discuss the decision that he and his wife, Carrie, made to travel with their four children to America to establish a new home. But that's another story.
     Ferdinand Marsischky, the wagon maker, most likely remained in Pomerania until his death.  I have no indication that he came to America with his children. But, did he migrate to Berlin or another larger city for employment?  Or to Russia?  This place called Pomerania has captured my attention. I hope to have more of Ferdinand's story in time.   
     To see the Family Group details for Ferdinand and Charlotte Marsischky, CLICK HERE.   Do you have a Marsischky story to share?   Thanks for visiting Indiana Ties

My sources on Pomerania and Wagons:

The Long Island Museum of American Art, History & Carriages
Michiana History Publications, South Bend, Indiana, Central Europe map/information  
http://www.genealoger.com/german/pommern/kreis/stolp.htm
http://en.provinz-pommern.de/
Germanic Genealogy Society http://www.ggsmn.org
Wikipedia.org: Click here to read more about Pomerania.
http://www.genemaas.net/Pommern.htm
Other related posts and genealogy from Indiana Ties:
Wilhelm (William) F. Marsischky -- Where Did He End UP?
Ladies In My Line - Martha Marsischky Albers

Copyright © 2014  Nancy Niehaus Hurley











Wednesday, November 19, 2014

Rosemary and Robert Weber, About 1918 --- Wordless Wednesday, Almost

Rose and Bob Weber

 

                This Almost Wordless Wednesday post will be close to wordless since it speaks for itself.  This is one of my favorite photos of my mom, Rose, and her brother Bob Weber.  At the time of this photo they would have been the only two children of Harry and Tillie Weber of Indianapolis.  Three more sisters and another brother would follow them.  Rose is two and Bob is four when they were posing for this studio shot.  Aren't they beautiful!

Wednesday, November 5, 2014

Harold "Norris" Niehaus - Veteran of World War II -- Wordless Wednesday, Almost

Norris Niehaus, center in uniform, surrounded by his family.
     With Veterans Day approaching I am including a Niehaus family veteran as my post for Wordless Wednesday - Almost.  In the center of this photo with his family is my uncle, Harold "Norris" Niehaus.  His mother and father, Ruth and John Niehaus are seated in front of him.  Norris wasn't yet married in this 1943 photo.  He's holding my brother, his nephew, Donny Niehaus.  I am presuming this was a farewell gathering for him before he was sent overseas.  This photo includes all of his siblings except one, Charles.  Since he was also a veteran, perhaps he was already shipped out. 
     Norris Niehaus was 18 years old when he enlisted in the U. S. Army on 20 February 1943 at Indianapolis, Indiana.  He was listed as single, without dependents.  And his description also included: 68 inches tall and weight, 129 lbs.  He served honorably in the Pacific and returned home to Indianapolis.  Norris married Betty Schmaltz in 1950 and their descendants thrive today.  We appreciate the service of this veteran and all who sacrificed with him.

     You will find more Wordless Wednesday posts by clicking on the link in the left column.  I welcome comments from the family on this and any of the photos that I am happy to share.

Copyright © 2014, Nancy Niehaus Hurley

Monday, November 3, 2014

Julianna Weber Micol: She's Our Third Great Grandmother & Third Great Grand Aunt

     When I discovered my second great grandparents marriage record it came with more surprises than usual.  The 1856 marriage record was within the Civil War Widow's Pension application documents for Amelia (Micol) Weber that I located at the National Archives a few years ago. (I wrote in this earlier post about Amelia's Pension Quest.)  Those pension records were so overflowing with amazing information that it took me a while to digest it all.   But as I sorted through and began to absorb the affidavits, personal letters, church and military records, I came across the translation from German of a church record from the Catholic Church in Vilbel.  There I found a good deal more about the couple's immediate family than I would haveAdam Weber, Amelia Micol Marriage, Vilbel Catholic Church, p. 69, 1856 imagined.  Here's a short excerpt that includes those pieces:
Translation of Adam Weber and Amelia Micol's marriage record, from the records of the local Catholic Church in the Community of Vilbel:
"In the year one thousand eight hundred fifty six (12 May 1856) according to the authority of the local Catholic parish and in the parish of St. Johannes church in Bremen, and after receiving dispensation because of the second degree of blood relation, and after the official approval of the regional court with regard to the civil and clerical conditions of the union that there were no problems with proceeding with the marriage; and with the approval of both sets of parents, Adam Weber,  citizen and policeman in Bremen, the legitimate unmarried son of Adam Weber, citizen and sheep herder in Altenstadt, and his wife, Katharina, nee Gunsst, of the Catholic religion, and at the age of 36 ½ ; and Maria Amalia Micol, the legitimate unmarried daughter of the late local citizen and master tailor, Frederick Ludwig Micol and his wife, Julianae, nee Weber, of the Catholic religion, age 22 and 7 months."  (For those who can read and translate the script and the Latin, I am posting the actual church record on the right.)
     I reread and studied this information to be sure I was understanding it fully.  There were, of course, pieces to pull apart and analyze.  What is "dispensation because of the second degree of blood relation?" Why have official approval of the civil and clerical conditions of the union? There's some further information in the last line of this paragraph that sheds a little light on those issues.  When Amelia Micol's mother is listed, it states her name as Julianae, nee Weber.  Adding the dispensation and the maiden name together seemed to say that Adam Weber was already related to his wife's mother.  But I still wasn't sure that I knew the story.
     I did some online research to try to understand the meaning of and what was involved in the Catholic Church's dispensation for "second degree of blood relation" used in the 1856 marriage record. Here's information that most clearly explained this situation: (See note 2 below also.):
      Relationships, through either blood (consanguinity) or marriage (affinity) were recorded, and marriage dispensations were granted, by "degree". A first degree relationship would indicate siblings; a second degree relationship would indicate first cousins; third degree meant second cousins; and fourth degree indicated third cousins. Relationships more distant than third cousins (fourth degree) were not recorded in the marriage records.
     Researchers must remember that marriage dispensations of consanguinity/affinity were not granted as a matter of course. And, not all priests had the rights to grant marriage dispensations.  The power to grant a marriage dispensation was, to my understanding, held by the Diocese (ie: the Bishop or Arch-Bishop) and not by the individual priest. However, priests were sometimes extended the powers to grant dispensations to a particular degree without having to apply to the Diocese in every case. But, should the priest not have been granted those powers, or the dispensation in question was outside of the limits set for him, then an application to the Diocese would have to be made.

      Then, I also found Wikipedia background on consanguinity and affinity:  Consanguinity ("blood relation", from the Latin consanguinitas) is the property of being from the same kinship as another person. In that aspect, consanguinity is the quality of being descended from the same ancestor as another person.  In law and in cultural anthropology, affinity, as distinguished from consanguinity (blood relationship), is the kinship relationship that exists between two or more people as a result of somebody's marriage. It is the relationship which each party to a marriage has to the relations of the other partner to the marriage; but does not coverJulianna Weber Micol's relationship to Joyce Holzer the marital relationship of the parties to the marriage themselves.
       I have concluded from the records and research that, thanks to her nephew, Adam Weber, and her daughter, Amelia Micol,  Julianna Weber Micol was both an aunt and a mother-in-law to Adam as of May 12, 1856.    Some day I'll have to investigate to see if there are any more church records with the diocese in Bremen about the dispensation.   Or, if the priest of the Catholic Church in Vilbel recorded any correspondence with the bishop of the diocese.
     This is yet another fascinating piece of the Weber Family History that I'm happy to pass along.  I can tell all my Weber cousins that  Julianna Weber Micol is our third great grandmother as well as our third great grand aunt.  And to the many children of all of my cousins: Did you know that you are BOTH a fourth great grandchild and a fourth great grand niece or nephew of Julianna (Weber) Micol?! 
     To see how my Roots Magic genealogy software would handle this dual relationship, I produced a relationship chart for my cousin, Joyce Holzer, who is celebrating a birthday this month.  Of course, the third great grandmother trumped the third great grand aunt when this kinship is calculated.  You can see the generations traced back on the chart at the left.  There's more to it though, isn't there?!    
     Happy Birthday Joyce!!!
     Thanks for visiting Indiana Ties.  Let me know if there is more you might have to add about this relationship with Julianna.  Especially if you are one of our Weber relatives!  I will be glad to share more information about our ancestors.
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Note 1:  The Weber/Micol marriage record at its original source:Family History Library, Salt Lake City, UT, microfilm #939213-4, Catholic Church of Vilbel (Friedberg District) (Vilbel, Hessen, Germany), Church Registers, 1655-1876, 1856 marriages,  No. 2, May 12, 1856, Adam Weber and Maria Amelia Micol.
Note 2:  For online information on consanguinity and affinity and marriage dispensations, I found this website helpful: http://www.islandregister.com/consanguinity.html 
Copyright 2014 © Nancy Niehaus Hurley

Friday, October 31, 2014

Gerhard Wilmsen -- A Great Great Grandfather from Hollingen and Dorfbauerschaft, Westphalia --- 52 Ancestors Challenge

        Some of my great greats speak out more than others.  Gerhard Wilmsen has been one of the quieter ones.  But it seems that when I take a little time to review the facts I have for these family members that are hangingGerman States  1815-1866 quietly in the background they might just reveal something new about themselves.  So now, Gerhard's time has come.  He was born about 1820 in Westphalia, a province of Prussia (now Germany). There's a circa 1815-1866 Europe map posted on the left that gives some idea of the size and location of Westphalia and Prussia.  The darkened areas are Prussia and Westphalia is outlined in green within Prussia.
     I'm short on information about Gerhard Wilmsen's childhood.  But an 1846 marriage record provides his birth year and a few additional important pieces of information.  I also learned from this church record that his father was a day laborer at that time in Ibbenburen, a town in the northwestern area of Westphalia.  I can't presume that he was born in Ibbenburen from this record 26 years later.   But, just maybe we'll find later that his family lived there for many years.  
     Thankfully,  the marriage record from St. Pankratius Catholic Church in Emsdetten, Westphalia, tells us that on November 24, 1846, he married Elizabeth Kamp, a widower, from Hollingen, a village near Emsdetten.   Gerhard was 26 years old and he had not been married before. 
     Emsdetten and Ibbenburen are about 7km, or 11 miles, apart. If Gerhard was living in Ibbenburen, this may have been quite a distance in 1846 for two young people to have known each other and married.   So we could speculate that Gerhard left the town where his father lived when he became a young man and found a job that brought him closer to, or in contact with, Elizabeth Kamp.   But wait a minute.  I'm making up this story now.  Too much speculation.   I should be finding Gerhard Wilmsen's family facts before he was 26 years old and married.  That's a research priority I'll add to my list. 
     But first…..What I do know is that Gerhard and Elizabeth Wilmsen setup their home in Hollingen, the village just outside Emsdetten where Elizabeth's family lived.  And there also is where Gerhard made a living as a carpenter.  This is revealed by the baptismal records of their four children in that same Catholic Church in Emsdetten.  Four times in those imagerecords the priest recorded Gerhard  as a carpenter in Hollingen.   ( A brief summary of what I know about him is in his Individual Summary posted here.)
     Now we have to skip ahead about 20 years to the next record in 1873.  Also from these generous church records I know that his oldest child, Elizabeth Gertrude Wilmsen married Heinrich Joseph Niehues (Niehaus) on the 24th of June, 1873.  At that time her father was living in Dorfbauerschaft, a town just a few miles northwest of Emsdetten.  This provides yet another home for Gerhard, at 53 years old.  But unfortunately, in this record in 1873 his occupation is illegible so I can't yet confirm that he was still a carpenter. 
     And that's where this family history for Gerhard Wilmsen stops for now.  But, hopefully, I'll know more later.  Because as I was writing about him, the ideas developed for finding more information.  I took a break midway in this story to check the Family History Library catalog for the church records in Emsdetten to see if I had exhausted those sources.  Well, I found that I have quite a bit more research to do in those Emsdetten files.  There are microfilms I can order from the FHL where I might find Gerhard's baptism in 1820, his parents' marriage in the early 1800s, more about his brothers' lives and the family deaths recorded in that same church between 1844 and 1875.  I'm thinking that this post has a good chance of a follow-up!
     Thanks for visiting with me at Indiana Ties.  If you are researching the Wilmsen family and would like to chat, leave me a message below.   
     If you would like to see my list of Kamp/Wilmsen descendants, CLICK HERE.
     To find the Family History Library catalog of Emsdetten church records, CLICK HERE.
     Here are other related posts that may be of interest:
     Elizabeth Gertrude Wilmsen Niehaus: Ladies In My Line
     Thanks Goodness for Elizabeth Kamp Wilmsen's Church Records

Note on 52 Ancestors Challenge:  I am participating in the 52 Ancestors Challenge being led by Amy Johnson Crow at www.nostorytoosmall.com.  She's bringing together family history writers who share ancestral stories throughout 2014.  There's a wide variety of stories each week written by people everywhere and about people from everywhere.  Visit Amy's blog to enjoy a few. 

Copyright © Nancy Niehaus Hurley


Wednesday, October 29, 2014

Krissy Underwood, A Halloween Feline -- Wordless Wednesday, Almost

Krissy Underwood Halloween 1991
        Taking a look at the kinds of creatures that emerged in past Halloweens is entertaining to me.  So, for my Wordless Wednesday - Almost post I'm having some fun with my daughter, Krissy.  Here she is as A Halloween Feline in 1991.  Seems like just yesterday she was twelve.  Imagination went into her costumes each year, usually something homemade or collected from Goodwill.   I think this costume shows she's approaching the end of dressing up for Halloween.  Don't you!? …….. Oh, the years of youth……..Thanks Krissy, for the smiles!

Friday, October 24, 2014

A Teenager To America: Mathias Risch, Jr., Dearborn County, Indiana ---- 52 Ancestors Challenge

         This young man arrived in America in 1828 at 15 years of age with his father, mother and four siblings.  The family's record from their Catholic church in Hugstetten, Baden, has this message: "Ist im Junious 1828 nach Nordamerika mit frau und kinder ausgewandert."  Translated -- "In June 1828 emigrated to North America with wife and children."  Next to Mathias's father's name in the list of emigrants from their small town was a 7, indicating the total number in this family.  There were 40 people in all in that church record who left Hugstetten that year.  Maybe some of them returned.  But most of them probably knew when they got in the wagon with whatever belongings they could carry that  they would never come back to their Baden home. I wonder how a teenage boy felt leaving behind his relatives and friends and the places where he had roamed.  This Risch family was bound for the southeastern area of Indiana called Dearborn County, across the Ohio River from Cincinnati, Ohio.  There would be Mathias Risch, Jr.'s home for the remainder of his life. 
          What's the story of Mathias Risch, Jr?  How did this young man's life develop in the new country?  Surely the main goal of his parents was to give him and his brothers a better outlook for their future - the opportunity to have land and to improve their standard of living from that expected in Baden.   I wrote earlier about Mathias Risch, Sr, including background on how immigrants to southeastern Indiana would have found the land, how they made their homes and fed themselves in the 1820s through 1860s. There are a few historical tidbits you may want to reread in that post.  (I'll post a link at the bottom of this page.)  For Lincoln_boyhood_national_memorialinstance, one of the Dearborn County histories I turned up explained the work required of new settlers in these words: " With hard labor the unaided settler could clear and burn an acre of land in three weeks.  It usually required six or seven years for the pioneer to open a small farm and build a better house than his first cabin of round logs."
         At the time that Mathias would have been helping his family build their log home on the land his father purchased in Dearborn County, another young man barely four years older, named Abraham Lincoln, was living about 170 miles southwest near Gentryville, Indiana, in Spencer County.  (See Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial at www.nps.gov.)  The photo hear depicts the typical farm home of that time, similar to the homes that Abe and Mathias lived in with their families .  Can you picture the Risch family of seven living here?  As a young man Mathias would be sharing this space with his parents and four brothers, probably feeling fortunate to have the materials for the shelter and the land to grow food.  
       Mathias Risch, Jr., and his brothers acquired survival skills of the times as they matured in Dearborn County.  Although Mathias being a teenager when he arrived presumably was already introduced to farming, hunting, harvesting wood and other skills of young men in the 1820s.  I can imagine him in the dense forests and rugged hills of southern Indiana perfecting his trapping skills and preparing logs to build wagons and construct their home.  It must have been very difficult clearing those lands to raise crops for eating and to sell.  Maybe there were others, neighbors and church friends, who shared their food and shelter with the Risch family until they were sufficiently established.    
     Between 1828 and 1840, one of the skills that Mathias perfected under his father's tutelage was carpentry.  Mathias, Jr., was recognized as one of the first carpenters in New Alsace, Indiana, the town established in 1838 near his home in the southern part of Dearborn County.  As his own family grew, he used both those carpentry skills and his farming knowledge to provide for them.  He became a husband twice and a father eleven times.  After Mathias passed away, one of his daughters,  Mary Anna Risch (1851-1911), made her way to Indianapolis, and married Charles A. Kuhn, providing the family connection that carries on today. 
     There are, of course, many details surrounding each segment of a person's life.  We can't know what exactly came about or how he felt as Mathias had these experiences.  But if we look at the events, we might be able to use our imagination to create some kind of understanding or picture of him.  Let's try that!  Following is a brief profile of Mathias Risch, Jr.:
--- 5 Jan 1813:  Mathias Risch, Jr., is born in Hugstetten, Baden, House No. 55.  The baptismal record from his Catholic parish church reads:
     In the year 1813, the 25th of January, at 9 p.m. was born in House No. 55, and at noon on January 26 was baptized by the undersigned in the parish house, because of the cold, Mathias, legitimate son of the carpenter Mathias Risch and Maria Weiss.  Witness to the baptism was the baker, Konrad Risch, together with godfather Mathias Weiss, member of the court of justice.  Godmother was Barbara Graner, born Fackler.  --- J. M. Meissburger, Pastor
--- June 1828: Risch family emigrated from Baden to Baltimore, Maryland to Dearborn County, Indiana, in the southeastern area of the state. Mathias Jr. was 15 years old and he had four younger brothers. 
--- 31 Oct 1828:  Mathias Risch, Jr.'s father purchases 80 acres in Kelso Township, Dearborn County, Indiana.  Here began the family's establishment of their home in Indiana.
--- 1838: Town of New Alsace, in southern Dearborn County, IN, established. Mathias lived near this town and is buried in the cemetery there.1860 Census Mathias Risch Jr.
--- 1839:  Mathias's father, Mathias Risch, Sr., died at age 55 in 1839.  The family history is that he was killed by a falling tree.  Could he and his sons have been clearing land for their farm?  Mathias Jr. was 26 years old and not yet married.  His widowed mother, Maria, was 55.
--- 27 Feb 1840:  Mathias married Basilia Winter in Dearborn County, Indiana, in St. Paul Catholic Church. It is thought their families may have known each other in Baden.
--- 12 Aug 1840:  Mathias Risch becomes a naturalized American citizen. Two local citizens, John Boss and John Woolyoung swore to his good behavior and moral character.  He renounced all allegiance to the Grand Duke of Baden.
--- 1840 Census:  At 27 years of age Mathias is recorded in the Jackson Township, Dearborn County, Indiana, census.  His occupation is listed as  manufactures and trade,  probably referring to carpentry.
--- 8 Feb 1847:  Mathias purchases 40 acres of land in Kelso Township, Dearborn County.  
--- June 1848: Mathias's wife Basilia dies.  He is a widower at age 35 with three sons and a thirteen-day-old daughter.
--- 30 Nov 1849:  A second marriage for both parties, Mathias marries Julianna Leppert Karrer, a 22 year old widow, in St. Paul Catholic Church in New Alsace, Indiana. Mathias became the stepfather for two sons of Julianna's.
--- 1850 Census:  It appears that two of Mathias's children with Basilia Winter died before 1850, based on this census.  One girl and one boy would have been two and four years old.  They are not included in the family that was enumerated.
--- 1851 - 1870:    Seven children are born to Mathias and Julianna in Dearborn County, Indiana, in these ten years.  Their daughter born in 1851, Mary Anna Risch, was my great grandmother. 
--- 1860 Census: Mathias and Julianna's household includes nine children in the 1860 census of Kelso Township, and his occupation is farmer. He is 47 years old and Julianna is 33.    (See the census listing in the image on the right.  Lines 2 through 12, household #73.)
--- 1870 Census:  The Risch household in 1870 included seven of their children between the ages of 19 and 3. At age 59, Mathias again indicates that he is a farmer.
--- 27 Feb 1876: Mathias dies suddenly at age 64.  He is buried in St. Paul's Catholic Cemetery, New Alsace, Indiana.  This is the way the brief death record reads from St. Paul's historical files: Risch, Matthias, Died 27 February 1876 , died after receiving the sacraments.  Wife Julianna nee Leppert.  Burial on the 28th.
     It would Risch, Mathias Jr., Tombstone - St. Paul Catholic Cemetery, New Alsace, Indianabe nice to have an image of Mathias, my great great grandfather, but that has not surfaced.  As always, I am hoping to hear from fellow researchers who may have those treasures. For now, here is a photo of his grave in New Alsace, Dearborn County, Indiana.  RIP.
    I would say that Mathias Risch, Jr.'s emigration to America brought him good fortune.  Of course, there were some trying times for him in Indiana.  But overall he was able to gain a livelihood that he would probably not have acquired in the place where he was born and lived until a teenager.  Wars, economic crisis and increased restrictions in the first half of the 19th century brought many difficulties for young people trying to establish an occupation and a home in the southwestern regions of Germany.  Mathias and his family seemed to be among the determined and hard-working immigrants that took risks and found the way to better themselves, even through some difficult situations.  Perhaps his industriousness provided inspiration that we can recognize in some of his current descendants. 
     If you have an interest in the Risch line descending from Mathias's great grandparents, Joseph Risch and Barbara Oberietor CLICK HERE.
     Your suggestions or questions are welcomed.  Click the comments section below to leave me a message.  Thanks for visiting Indiana Ties.

For more Risch family information, click on one of these stories:
Mathias Risch, Sr. - Our Farmer in Dearborn County, IN
Julianna Leppert Karrer Risch - Was her life deprived?…
The Risch Surname
 Note on 52 Ancestors Challenge:  I am participating in the 52 Ancestors Challenge being led by Amy Johnson Crow at www.nostorytoosmall.com.  She's bringing together family history writers who share ancestral stories throughout 2014.  There's a wide variety of stories each week written by people everywhere and about people from everywhere.  Visit Amy's blog to enjoy a few.


Copyright © 2014 Nancy Niehaus Hurley