Tuesday, August 12, 2014

I Wonder What Tillie Thought About Her Right To Vote - 52 Ancestors Challenge

Recently I read a blog post that caused me to step back and wonder.  Helen Holshouser wrote about her ancestor who was active in the Women's Suffrage Movement, culminating when the 19th Amendment to the U. S. Constitution was ratified in 1920.   (I'll link to Helen's story at the end of this post.)  After reading her story, I found myself thinking: How did the women in my family feel before and after they acquired the right to vote for their leaders?   Were they aware of the suffrage movement activities?  And how did they react, if at all.  
Actually, the struggle to attain the right to vote for women took nearly 100 years. Women such as Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony campaigned, wrote, gave speeches, were imprisoned and found whatever avenues they could to enlighten people and fight for women's suffrage.  Isn't it amazing that this movement took so long to be successful, let alone that it was necessary.  Who knows which of our ancestors supported in some way the groups and programs leading up to the success of 1920. 
Well, thinking of these times and the issues, it didn't take me long to connect the time frame to one person in my family.  In 1910 when Otillia "Tillie" Kuhn Weber  - 1913suffragettes were organizing protests and lobbying congress, my grandmother, Otillia "Tillie" Kuhn, was 19 years old.  She was 29 years old in 1920 when these activities succeeded in opening the voting booth to women.  No, I have no knowledge of Tillie being involved in any women's suffrage activities.  I can't know exactly what her feelings or her actions were.  But if we stop to take a closer look at my grandmother's life from 1910 to 1920, at the crescendo of the fight for women's right to vote, it could be interesting to contemplate what may have run through her mind.  
1910 - 1912:
Although some states and municipalities had taken action since the early 1800s to grant women the vote, in 1910 they were as yet denied that right on the federal level.  Tillie Kuhn was 19 to 21 years old from 1910 to 1912, the time frame when we now take it for granted that young people begin exercising their voting rights.  Tillie was fortunate enough in those early years to attend a year of business college.  And by 19 was employed as a bookkeeper at a retail dry goods store.  She lived with her family in the home where she was born on High Street in Indianapolis.   In this year when Tillie was a young working girl the first suffrage parade was held in New York City, organized by the Women's Political Union.  And by 1912 that parade grew to 20,000 suffrage supporters with a half-million onlookers.  1911 was also the year that the National Association Opposed to Woman Suffrage was founded, bringing more attention to the opposing views. 
Tillie would surely have been aware of these activities by reading the local newspapers and discussing events with her family and co-workers at the dry goods store.  She had three older sisters and one younger one, as well as her older brother, Charlie. In fact, Tillie's older sister, Lill, was employed as a saleslady at a dry goods store.  I am going to venture to say that the Kuhn family was informed of these issues of the day.  Perhaps Tillie and Lill walked to work together discussing their thoughts about suffrage events, or even how they might have voted.  Here's a retro piece published by the Indianapolis Star that helps paint the landscape of the suffrage campaign in Tillie's locale:
The right to vote for women in Indiana was a long, hard-fought battle that began in 1851 when a man ­-- Robert Dale Owen (founder of the New Harmony utopian society) -- advocated for women¹s rights at the constitutional convention held in Indianapolis.  His proposal went nowhere and it would be another 70 years before women in Indiana had the right to vote.  Suffragettes such as Amanda Way, Zerelda Wallace, May Wright Sewall, Helen Gougar, Dr. Amelia Keller and Grace Julian Clarke led the push for suffrage.  In 1911, the Woman¹s Franchise League of Indiana was formed and became a driving force for the right to vote. The women of Indiana held rallies, marches, participated in parades, and lobbied the government.
1913 - 1915:
In June of 1913, four months after she turned 22, Tillie Kuhn married Harry Weber in Sacred Heart Catholic Church in Indianapolis.  As far as we know she did not work outside the home after she married.  Their son, Bob, was born in May of 1914.  Establishing a marriage and her family probably became Tillie's main focus, if I could make a presumption.  But the push for women's suffrage was continuing wholeheartedly.  For instance, in 1913 Illinois became the first state to grant women presidential suffrage by legislative enactment.  And in March of that year preceding President Woodrow Wilson's inauguration, 8,000 suffragists paraded in Washington, D. C.  The explosiveness of the issue is evidenced by the abusive crowds that mobbed the marchers.  Some say that a faction of those against women's right to vote were wealthy and influential women who were afraid they would lose power when all women were allowed to vote.  The stature that they had attained through wealth was threatened.  (Follow the money!)
Speaking of the power of money, in September 1914, a bequest from Mrs. Frank Leslie, publisher of Leslie's Weekly, put $1,000,000 at the disposal of Carrie Chapman Catt for "the furtherance of the cause of woman suffrage."  As Tillie was maturing, becoming a wife and mother, the women's suffrage movement became more mature also.  The leaders kept their campaigns strong, working state by state and dogging their representatives in Congress.  However,  who knows if a young mother in Indianapolis who wasn't active politically had many thoughts about these efforts.  On the other hand, she must have  read updates in the newspaper she received each morning on her front porch.  Maybe she felt grateful for those who had the ways and means to be involved.  Seems logical to me.
1916 - 1920:
In March of 1916 Tillie gave birth to her second child, Rosemary Ethel Weber, my mother.  Things keep evolving for her; now she has a female descendant.  Did the right-to-vote movement take on a new meaning?  Did she have a keener interest in change?  At 26 years old her views on how the decisions of the leaders of the country and her community impacted her life may have been developing. 
The activity of the suffragists were still gaining strength as state after state secured legislative enactments and the National Woman's Party were arrested for picketing and sent to jail, creating martyrs for the cause.  On December 2, 1916, suffragists flew over President Wilson's yacht and dropped suffrage amendment petitions.  Again I'm wondering what Tillie Weber's opinion was of all of these events, especially of the women who went to jail for their commitments? 
The persistence of the women and men behind this cause resulted in President Wilson giving his public support of the federal woman suffrage amendment in January of 1918.  Then, on January 10, the House voted in favor of a suffrage amendment.  In September of that year the President addressed the Senate personally, arguing for women's suffrage.
If these activities hadn't yet brought the impact home for Tillie, it became personal when in 1919 Indiana also secured presidential suffrage by legislative enactment.  In the final stages of the fight, on June 4, 1919, the Senate passed the 19th Amendment with just two votes to spare, 56 to 25. The Constitutional Amendment contained the same wording drafted by Susan B. Anthony in 1878.  The 19th Amendment was ratified by the required 36th state on August 18, 1920 and signed into law by the Secretary of State on August 26, 1920.   
In these four years of tremendous advancement for women in the United States, Tillie Kuhn would have been raising her son and daughter.  Also, she and Harry moved into what became their family home of approximately 50 years at 2160 Singleton Street in Indianapolis.  Harry Weber was advancing in his career with Fletcher Trust Company.  And by December of 1920 Tillie had delivered another baby girl, Virginia.  There were a lot of demands on Tillie to occupy her waking moments.  Just about any political event may have been squeezed out of her thought process most of the time.  However, judging from my knowledge of the Weber family personalities I would imagine Harry and Tillie having discussions of these national and local events over dinner, or when they found a few moments time in the evening.   
Of course, all of my speculation and imagining is just that. There are most likely no more details to learn. But I have a new perspective on this momentous time of progress for women in the United States by traveling through it with Tillie Kuhn Weber.  Regardless of what her Lingiftopinions were or if she realized the full impact of these events, she had an intimate involvement by being there. 
Speaking of women in my life, I want to wish my sister, Linda, a happy birthday.  As she always reminds me, she's the youngest!  The relationship chart posted here traces her maternal line back to Tillie.  And I'm also posting a photo of Lin holding a photo of our mom.   I'm glad to have all of these ladies in my line.  Hope the entire year's a good one for you, Lin!
Otillia Kuhn relationship chart to Linda Niehaus.
Helen Holshauser's blog is Heart of a Southern Woman.  Here's a link to that thought-provoking blog on Women's Suffrage.
You may be interested in reading these related posts:
Happy Anniversary to Harry and Tillie (Kuhn) Weber
Tillie Kuhn Weber - Ladies In My Line
Copyright 2014 © Nancy Niehaus Hurley

Saturday, August 9, 2014

Reminder: Weber-Kuhn Family (Indianapolis) Reunion Is Around The Corner


The time is almost here for another reunion of the descendants of Harry Lawrence Weber and Tillie Kuhn Weber of Indianapolis.  Just in case there are members of our family who did not yet hear about this year's Weber-Kuhn Family Reunion on August 23, I am posting the details below.  I would be glad to find the answers to any question about the reunion. Leave me a comment in the section below this posting.  It's so nice to have this day of visiting with everyone.  I look forward to seeing you there!

Family of Harry Lawrence and Otillia (Kuhn) Weber


Weber Kuhn Family Reunion

Saturday August 23, 2014

11:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.

Sarah T. Bolton Park – Hilltop Shelter

1300 Churchman Avenue

Beech Grove, IN

Bring the whole family, your stories,  and photos to share.

Plans are to share a pitch-in lunch, some laughs and catch up on each other's lives.  

So make plans to be there.  Bring something to contribute for lunch. 

You’ll also want to bring beverages and lawn chairs. 

There are picnic tables, shelter for some shade and playground equipment.

Special ingredient: “Raffle of the Family Memories Quilt”

Handmade by Peg Stull

Wednesday, July 23, 2014

Wordless Wednesday (Almost) -- A Niehaus Family Fishing Tale

Niehaus clan on a fishing trip in Minnesota.
     Look at this catch!  Summer fishing trips are special memories in this Niehaus family.  I thank my cousin, Pat Cracraft, who shares these great photos from her family album.  You can see her special touches in the mounting around the edges and her hand lettering in her scrapbook. 
      Don't you just love the seriousness of these guys. Knowing the usual boisterous attitudes in this group, surely they weren't subdued for long.   From left to right: Kemo Hickman joined the family when he married Janie Stull, Dick Stull (Janie's brother) is a son of Al and Feenie (Niehaus) Stull and Abe is a son of Gerald and Amanda Niehaus.  This super fishing day was during their families' summer vacation at Cross Lake, Minnesota in the 1940s. 
     There had to be a delicious fish fry that evening.
     Thanks for visiting Indiana Ties.  For a look at other family photos in this series click on the Wordless Wednesday link at the left.

Copyright © 2014 Nancy Niehaus Hurley

Tuesday, July 15, 2014

Our Brewery Man -- Charles Anthony Kuhn -- 52 Ancestors Challenge

         I am participating in the 52 Ancestors Challenge being led by Amy Johnson Crow at www.nostorytoosmall.com.  She's bringing together family history writers who share ancestral stories throughout 2014.  There's a wide variety of stories each week written by people everywhere and about people from everywhere.  You can see the list by visiting Amy's blog. 
       Many families with Charles A. Kuhn, 1850 - 1916, Neustadt, Kurhessen, Germany - Indianapolis, IndianaGerman heritage have at least one connection to brewing beer, right?!  My great grandfather, Charles Anthony Kuhn, is my direct link. Charles was the son of Martin and Katherine (Birkenstock) Kuhn, born in Neustadt, Kurhessen on the 10th of June 1850.  His family emigrated in the 1860s to Connersville, Indiana. As he matured, Charles made his way to Indianapolis and to his experiences in the brewery business. 
      Through the Indianapolis City Directories and the censuses we can follow Charles's employment.   These historical records were extremely helpful in answering the whats and wheres of his life.  I learned that from 1877 to approximately 1905, age 27 to 55, Charles was a "brewery man"  at the C. F. Schmidt Brewery in Indianapolis and at later merged breweries.   Also listed in the directories in 1870s and 1880s is the Schmidt Brewery at Schmidt's Square, McCarty Street, south end of Alabama.
     The brewery address led me to the Sanborn Insurance Map from 1889 posted below presenting the layout for the company.  Take a look at the details, such as, the mash house, cold storage and cooper shop.  You can see that the company name at this time is the Indianapolis Brewing Company, after a merger of three breweries.  The brewery takes up a square block bounded by Alabama, McCarty, High and Wyoming Streets.   This location focuses in on another feature of Charles's history.  His home from the time he arrived in Indianapolis in 1875 until he died in 1916 was on High Street, two or three blocks north of the brewery.  Convenience! 1898.Sanborn Ins. Map includes a diagram of the Indianapolis Brewing Company, formerly the Schmidt Brewery
    Charles's job assignment at the brewery may or may not have been consistent over the years.   Some years he is listed in a city directory or census as a brewery man, then a brewery laborer, a brewer and yet another job listing is watchman at C. F. Schmidt.  How many different jobs these descriptions actually represent is hard to tell.  That's an answer I can only wonder about.  
     However, there are some interesting details available that might shed some light on his life during those brewery years.  His brother-in-law, John Scherrer, who was 12 years older than Charles, was a "brewer" for many years at various breweries in the city.  Perhaps John was an influence and mentor for Charles when he decided to move from Connersville to the big city and begin his career.  Since Charles lived in the Scherrer household for a period of time when he first came to Indianapolis, there is a strong possibility that's how the story went.  
    In 1879 Charles married Mary Anna Risch and they moved into their own home -- also on High Street, as neighbors of the Scherrers.  Looking a little further down the street we find another brewery worker and relative, Joseph Resch, Mary Anna's brother.  For a period of time during the 1870s and early 1880s Charles, John and Joseph were brewery workers simultaneously. These family members maintained their neighborly relationship throughout their lives.  Charles most likely received a good word at the Schmidt Brewery from either Joseph or John in order to get his job. Being eight to twelve years younger, I would say Charles Kuhn benefited considerably from the counsel of his brothers-in-law.  Can't you see the three guys making the stroll down High Street from their homes to the brewery -- Or sitting on one of their front porches on High Street enjoying a lager after a tiring day.  The beer business was definitely a factor in this family history!
Following is a brief history of the Schmidt Brewery from the website www.indianabeer.com:
Founded by Christian Frederick Schmidt and Charles Jaeger, the C.F. Schmidt brewery was located at the south end of Alabama Street (although some references say it was located at "Wyoming St. at High". Jaeger soon sold his interest to Schmidt, thinking Schmidt's management was not sound. They made about 1500 barrels per year.
"By the outbreak of the Civil War, Schmidt Brewery was producing a superior lager beer, and soon was supplying troops stationed in Indianapolis." - Nuvo, June 8, 2005.
The 1870 Indianapolis City Directory has an ad for C. F. Schmidt, Brewer of Lager Beer, Smith's Square, Indianapolis. The directory lists John Buhier, Louis Ehrmann, Ernest Ihrzohn, Henry Metzger, and Joseph Resoh as the brewers.
C.F. Schmidt died in 1872 and his widow, Caroline, operated the business with her brother, William Fieber until 1877 when her sons, John W and Edward Schmidt took it over. It was incorporated into the Indianapolis Brewing Company in 1887.
"Mr. Bosenberg is sole agent for the justly celebrated C. F. Smith's Lager Beer, manufactured at Indianapolis, Indiana. The qualities for which this beer is most distinguished are its healthfulness, purity, brilliancy of color, richness of flavor &c, the result of excellent water, intelligent care of its brewers conjoined to the use of apparatus possessing all the best modern improvements made in this country or elsewhere, and to the superior quality and quantity of the ingredients used. No claims are made for this beer that cannot be substantiated." - Rochester Sentinel, Feb 29, 1888. Yes, that said 1888. After the merger, each brewery continued their own brewing operations. The C. F. Schmidt plant at McCarty and High Streets closed on May 27, 1920 after 70 years of brewing.
(The www.indianabeer.com  website has more interesting reading on the development, the individuals involved and more brewing business.)
    Thanks for visiting Indiana Ties. 

Related stories you may like to read:

Copyright © 2014 Nancy Niehaus Hurley

Monday, July 7, 2014

John Niehaus - A Cutter for C. B. Cones Overall Factory in Indianapolis -- 52 Ancestors Challenge

     John Niehaus was a life-long resident of Indianapolis, Indiana (1889-1956) except for a short period of time on a job assignment in Lynchburg, Virginia.  He was my paternal grandfather, the father of my father, Frank Niehaus. Employees of C. B. Cones & Son Manufacturing in Lynchburg, VA.  John Niehaus is in the center. I wrote an earlier post about memories of my grandfather.   John was born in Indianapolis on July 4, 1889, the tenth child of  Joseph and Gertrude (Wilmsen) Niehaus, immigrants from Westphalia, Germany.
     But about that employment I mentioned….I was sorting through memorabilia recently while packing for our move to a larger home.  You know how moving can unearth those treasures!  Well, I came across a special photo of my grandfather that belonged to my dad.  Dad constructed by hand a frame and displayed this photo prominently in his home.  In the picture on the left John Niehaus is with two fellowC. B. Cones & Son Manufacturing building in Lynchburg, VA. C. B. Cones & Sons Manufacturing Company employees.  He stands in the middle as they pose outside the factory in Lynchburg, Virginia.   I'm posting the photo outside the frame so that it's more viewable here.  But, I am preserving them together for posterity.   
     John Niehaus worked as a cutter for the C. B. Cones & Sons Manufacturing Company for 33 years.  Most of that time was spent at the facility in Indianapolis.  As close as I can determine those years with the company spanned 1910 to 1943, age 21 until he was 54 years old.  The company in Indianapolis was established in 1879.  They manufactured overalls, shirts and other clothing for laborers.  As yet I am unable to find when they closed. 
    My father told me a story of how his father was asked by the C. B. Cones Co. to go to Lynchburg, Virginia, in the early 1930s to assist with an expansion of the company.  This coincides with the history of the growth in the textile and clothes manufacturing industries in Lynchburg in the 1920s and 1930s.  John reportedly told his employer that if he could move his entire family to Virginia he would go.  So, John and Ruth and their six children moved to Lynchburg.  In the photo of the men you can see their place of employment behind them.  I believe this is the same building, although abandoned today,  in the photo on the right.  I found this photo on Flickr, posted by Kipp Teague, Retronaut on Flickr. I thank him for allowing me to post the C. B. Cones building here.
C. B. Cones advertisement, Indianapolis, IN, 1901    After some unknown period of time in Lynchburg, reports are that it was not a lengthy stay, John requested to return to Indianapolis. Two of his sons, Frank and Robert, stayed a while at their jobs with Cones in Virginia, earning money to help support the family in those difficult times of the early 1930s.  John returned to his job in his hometown and was employed their until 1943 or 1944. I don't have a photo of the manufacturing facility in Indianapolis, but I was able to locate the ad for their products that you can see at the left. (This ad is from the website: www.vintageworkwear.com.) The C. B. Cones & Son Mfg. Co. was located on South Meridian Street, a few miles from John's home.  The overalls, shirts, jackets and other workers' clothing produced at the factory remained popular for many years.
     Do you have more details of John Niehaus's C. B. Cones story?  Or other interesting facts on this Indianapolis company?  I welcome your comments below.  Thanks for visiting Indiana Ties.
     Here are related posts you may want to read:
     Joseph Niehaus Family in 1900
     Descendants of John Niehaus

Copyright © 2014 Nancy Niehaus Hurley

Wednesday, July 2, 2014

A Summer Fishing Day in the Weber Family -- Wordless Wednesday (Almost)

    I enjoy participating in Wordless Wednesday, but find it impossible to not say anything at all about the photos.  So, mine are Wordless Wednesday (Almost).  This one portrays the fun memories created by a group of guys in the family fishing together. 
    These six fishermen are connected through the Weber family in Indianapolis.  From left to right are: Dick Lieland, Bob Weber, Harry Weber, Charlie Kuhn, Ed Ditlinger and Dick Sauer.  The photo was taken about 1935.  Dick Lieland, Bob Weber and Dick Sauer are cousins.  Harry Weber is the father of Bob Weber and uncle of the two other boys.  Charlie Kuhn and Ed Ditlinger are brothers-in-law of Harry. Summer fishing day in about 1935
  The location of their successful fishing trip is unknown.  But since the Ditlinger family lived on a farm in North Vernon, Indiana, where the men went to hunt, there's a good possibility that may be where they snagged the catch for this day.   
     I'm again grateful to my uncle, Bob Weber, for preserving this family photo in his albums.  There must be another relative along for this trip, maybe a Lieland or Sauer dad,  since Bob is not behind the camera this time.  They all look pleased and ready to have a fish fry!

Monday, June 30, 2014

Mary Anna Keen Weber: A Life Lived in Large Families -- 52 Ancestors Challenge

  The 52 Ancestors Challenge is the creation of Amy Johnson Crow at www.nostorytoosmall.com.  She's bringing together family history writers who share ancestral stories throughout 2014.  There’s a weekly update on Amy's blog linking to these stories by surname.
      Mary Anna Keen grew up in a large German Catholic family and carried on that tradition throughout her life.  She was one of nine children of Lawrence and Elizabeth (Kraut) Keen. Her father was a shoemaker. (I've included a link to his story below.)  Mary Anna was the seventh child in the Keen family, born in Zanesville, Muskingum County, Ohio, on 11 February 1860. Soon thereafter she was baptized at St. Nicholas Catholic Church. 
     The family lived in Ohio from approximately 1840 to 1864.  After 24 years in that Zanesville home, Mary's parents decided to move 230 miles west to Indianapolis, Indiana. Why and how exactly the Keen family made that life change is only speculation.  For a young girl the journey could have been exciting or frightful.  They might have traveled by wagon with all their belongings across the National Road, the pathway constructed in the early 1800s to help the hordes of settlers going east to west.  Also, by 1864 when the Keens moved with 5-year-old Mary, railroads were built that could have taken them to their new home. Maybe the ten of them had an exciting ride from eastern Ohio to central Indiana by rail.
     Regardless of how they made the journey, Mary's family soon established their home in Indiana.  By the time the census-taker asked for their family information in 1870, the Keens lived at 175 South New Jersey Street in Indianapolis, the home where Mary grew to adulthood. Her father had a shoe repair shop on Virginia Avenue, a short walk from their home.  We also know from the 1870 census that Mary was attending school in Indianapolis at age 10, becoming an educated young lady. 
    The south side area of Indianapolis where the Keen family settled was heavily populated by German immigrants. When the Keens became residents in the mid-1860s the German language could be heard on the streets as the merchants sold their wares and people went about their daily lives.  In Mary's neighborhood lived a young man named Harry Adam Weber.  The two were very close in age and may haveKeen siblings in 1907. attended school together.  The families would most assuredly have known each other.  By following Mary's path through Indianapolis City Directories, I see that as a young woman she became employed as a clerk at the New York Store.  Records also show that Harry Weber was a clerk in that store. Was sharing their work at this popular department store in downtown Indianapolis the catalyst that brought these two young people close?  I can't say for sure what ignited that spark.   But they were married on 21 October 1886 in the local German Catholic parish of St. Mary’s. 
The photo on the left, taken in the early 1900s, is eight Keen siblings ranging in age from 40 to 57 years old.  They are posing outside St. Mary's Catholic Church in Indianapolis.  Mary Anna Keen is the small lady in the front of the group. 
Pictured in this 1907 photo are:  Men in back - Left, George Keen; Right, Fred Keen.
Sisters left to right are: Lizzie Keen Suess, Anna Keen Cheseldine, Katie Keen Kasberg, Mary Keen Weber, Lena Keen Buennagel, Clare Keen Paetz
(The eldest son, John Keen, was already deceased at the time of this photo.) 
Mary Anna Keen Weber and her husband, Harry Adam Weber.
         Mary Anna Keen Weber gave birth to 12 children between 1887 and 1908.  The Weber home on South Alabama Street in Indianapolis was bubbling with family, including Harry's mother who lived with them for 13 years. Their home remained a gathering place of children and grandchildren until the 1940s.
Children of Mary Anna Keen and Harry Adam Weber:
Harry Lawrence WEBER (1887-1946)
Ida Theodora WEBER (1888-1968)
Walter Maximilian WEBER (1890-1942)
Mary Stella WEBER (1892-1962)
Elizabeth Magdalena "Lillian" WEBER (1893-1976)
Edith Marie WEBER (1896-1987)
Clarence George WEBER (1898-1989)
William John WEBER (1899-1973)
Herbert Lawrence WEBER (1901-1975)
Albert Edward WEBER (1903-1903)
Catherine Amelia WEBER (1906-1990)
Alberta Clara WEBER (1908-1995)
     Mary Anna Keen Weber died at 68 years old on the 16th of October 1928, just a few days before her 42nd wedding anniversary.   She is buried in St. Joseph Cemetery, Indianapolis, alongside her husband and near several of her children and grandchildren.  Of course, there is quite a long list of Mary's descendants.  I have posted a list of the Keen descendants at this link if you would like to take a look.  
     In closing, I believe I'll continue to include a happy birthday wish here in this family history spot.  Below is a chart showing the ancestry of my cousinSteve Holzer, great grandchild of Mary Anna Keen Weber, Steve Holzer, to Mary Anna Keen.  Steve recently celebrated a birthday and this sends out wishes for a good health and good fortune!
Ancestry chart - Steve Holzer to Mary Anna Keen
       I welcome your comments or inquiries about our family history.  Click on the comments section below or send me an email at nancyhurley1 at gmail dot com.
Thank you for visiting Indiana Ties.

     If you'd like to read about Mary Anna Keen's father, Lawrence Keen, here's a link to his story in an earlier segment of 52 Ancestors.)
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